1788. The First Fleet of
British convicts, soldies and officals arrives. On January 26th, Captain Arthur Phillip raises the Union Jack at Sydney Cove
and the invasion begins.
population is estimated between 750,000 to one million at the time,Captain Phillip estimates 1,500 Aborigines are living in
and conflict between Europeans and Aboriginal people beings almost immediately.
Febuary the Freanch fire on Aboriginal people at Botany Bay.
phillip travelled to prospect Hill in April.
29th of May,the first conflict beween the First Fleet arrivals and Aborigines takes place near Rushcutters Bay, Sydney.Two convicts are killed.
the first Darug young man,( Arobanoo) was kidnapped, chained by the wrist and guarded by a trusted convict. This was the first
kidnapping of an Aborigine in the Sydney region and it was
a tactic which continued to be used by later Governors.
1789. A smallpox epidemic
wipes out at least half of the Sydney's Aboriginal people.
Aboriginal people have no resistance to European diseases and even the common cold is fatal.
1790. Pemulwuy and his
son Tedbury launch a guerrilla style campaing of Aboriginal resistance which lasted several years. In Hawkesbury River area, Marial law is declared
time and again, but on occasion settlers are told to protect their property. Offical records speak of a "campaign of terror"
to crush resistance.
1791. Convicts who had served their time are granted land around Parramatta.
February, Governor Phillip grants land to 13 people at Prospect Hill.these were the first land grants in the Blacktwon District.
1792. Colonists spread to Prospect Hill, Kissing Point, Northern Boundary, the Pondsand the Field
1794. by August, 70 colonists are faming along the Hawkesbury, dispossessing local Aborigines of
1795. Open warfare breaks
out along the Hawkesbury River
between Aborigines and Government troops.
1797. Pemulwuy leads the George's River and Parramatta
clans in an attack on the settlement at Toongabbie. A punitiveparty pursue Pemulwuy and about 100 Aborigines to Parramatta. Pemulwuy is wounded and captured, but later escapes.